Varicose veins: what is it? What are varicose veins of the lower extremities?

Everyone has heard the term "Varicose or" Varicose Veins. "But only a few asked the question, " What are varicose veins? "Modern sources of information give different and not always unequivocal answers. Varicose veins are the expansion and deformation of the blood vessels in the superficial vein system of the lower extremities due to the weakness of the vein walls and dysfunction of the valves. venous.

What are varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins of the lower extremities is one of the most common diseases of mankind. According to modern European statistics, this disease affects 10% of modern men and approximately 30% of women. The data of the state statistics of our country is correlated with the general European ones. The inhabitants of the cities suffer from a venous pathology as do the inhabitants of the rural areas.

Varicose veins: what is it? How do varicose veins occur?

What happens in varicose veins of the lower extremities, as opposed to healthy ones. The venous system of the lower extremities consists of deep and superficial veins. The deep venous system is of primary importance for the return of blood to the heart. The deep veins are surrounded by muscle sheaths and resist expansion. Superficial venous vessels are not as well supported. Therefore, they are susceptible to pathological changes under the influence of stress. The main directions of blood flow from the superficial to the deep veins, and beyond the heart and lungs, include: perforating veins, major bony venous valves and popliteal.

change in the direction of blood movement with varicose veins

With varicose veins, this process is interrupted, vertical or horizontal reflux (abnormal blood discharge) appears, leading to varicose veins of the vein wall due to the constant increase in pressure in the venous system of the superficial veins of the lower extremities. In addition, there is a decrease in the speed of blood flow, a stagnation in the system of superficial veins, and with increased blood clotting, favorable conditions for the formation of blood clots are formed.

Varicose veins: what is it? Varicose veins - systemic pathology

Surely, after reading many sites dedicated to this problem, you realized that the word "varicose veins" hides a disease: varicose veins of the lower extremities. And this article will focus not only on varicose veins, the problem goes much deeper. Varicose veins are a systemic disease, and with a systemic disease, several organs and systems are affected. Especially where there is a greater load on the veins. So, in a woman who has given birth frequently, the pelvic veins experience varicose expansion, in adolescence, children develop varicocele - an expansion of the veins in the scrotum, the veins of the esophagus and stomach also expand, and with chronic constipation hemorrhoids develop. - Hemorrhoidal veins expand. Why do varicose veins appear in such different places? The main reason lies in the congenital weakness of the vascular wall, which, when exposed to mechanical factors, causes varicose veins.

pronounced varicose veins on the legs

What are primary and secondary varicose veins?

Distinguish between primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. In the first case, the disease develops as a result of the weakness of the venous wall or its damage. The second main factor will be the increased load on the venous system. In this situation, obesity, pregnancy, connective tissue weakness, standing work, and the like can push varicose veins.

Secondary varicose veins are the result of a mechanical violation of venous blood flow. This occurs with lesions, tumors, post-thrombotic disease.

Modern facts about the causes of varicose veins.

The cause of varicose veins is usually hereditary. This is the weakness of the connective tissue of the venous wall. So that the vein does not expand under constant tension and remains the same diameter, it has a special frame (or, as the women say, "support corset"). According to modern European data, a special protein, type II collagen, functions as a scaffold in the wall of the vein. If insufficient amount of this specific protein is inherited, then it is not enough in the vein wall. The skeletal function of the vein gradually decreases and, under constant pressure, it begins to expand. Once the vein is enlarged, it will never return to its previous size. Its diameter will get larger and larger over time.

Varicose veins: what is it? The mechanism of development of complications in varicose veins.

The main function of the human venous system is to return blood from the organs to the heart. With varicose veins, this function begins to suffer, and subsequently, the blood in the dilated veins stagnates. This is especially indicative of varicose veins of the lower extremities, when they begin to bulge and, when the body is upright, look like inflated balls and, in neglected cases, like "bunches of grapes. "Stagnation of blood in varicose veins leads to the development of varicose vein complications: thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, trophic eczema, and ulcers. In order not to give rise to these serious and difficult to treat problems, it is necessary to remove varicose veins. Thus, venous stasis will disappear and, with it, the threat of complications.

Another important factor in the development of varicose veins is the safety of the valve apparatus of the large superficial veins (large and small saphenous veins). Each vein has special valves - these are two thin flaps that, when blood flows into the heart, open and then snap shut, preventing blood from flowing back into the leg. With an increase in the diameter of the vein, these valves stretch and begin to pass blood in the opposite direction. Also, with the progression of varicose veins, the cusps of the venous valves simply rupture and stop performing their main function.

how the vein valve apparatus works

At this stage of varicose veins, the patient is offered to get rid of varicose veins using innovative methods (RF and EVLK).

There are several more modern theories about the origin of varicose veins: these are endocrine, neurotrophic, mechanical, constitutional. But their percentage is so small that it makes no sense to dwell on them in more detail.

Summarizing the above, I would like to say once again that varicose veins are a systemic disease that manifests itself in the weakness of the venous wall framework, and arises in any organ where a greater load falls on the veins.

How Varicose Veins and Heredity Are Related

According to modern research, if both parents have varicose veins, the risk of this disease in children increases by 60%. Therefore, if you have family members who suffer from varicose veins of the lower extremities, then you need to know the factors that can serve as the impetus for the appearance of varicose veins in you. The life of a modern person is often replete with factors for the development of varicose veins, so it is better to once again undergo a competent medical examination of the venous system.

ultrasound diagnosis of varicose veins

Varicose veins: what is it? Diagnosis of varicose veins

A good and correct diagnosis of varicose veins can only be made by a professional specialist - a phlebologist. At the consultation, the doctor will conduct a modern examination, which includes palpation, questioning, clarification of complaints, in some cases, tests (cough, reflux, tourniquet). Based on the results obtained, the doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis and, to clarify the diagnosis, independently performs an ultrasound, less often contrast phlebography, spiral computed tomography, plethysmography, phlebometry and dopplerometry. After all the examinations, the doctor can establish a diagnosis: "Venous expansion of the lower extremities".

Varicose veins: what is it? Modern treatment of varicose veins.

Treatment of varicose veins may not guarantee a 100% result even after surgery. Innovative European technologies that provide a good treatment result with minimal trauma can be termed non-surgical.

modern treatment of varicose veins

Without surgery, varicose veins are treated with several modern medical methods:

  • Laser treatmentor laser coagulation of varicose veins. This method eliminates the back flow of blood in the superficial and perforating veins using the thermal energy of the laser radiation. The entire procedure is done without incisions, a light guide is inserted through a puncture, then the vein is obliterated. After finishing, apply compression garments. Today it is the best technology to treat varicose veins.
  • Radio frequency treatment (RFA, RFO).One of the best innovative methods is aimed at treating the saphenous veins and eliminating reverse blood flow. The entire procedure is performed under anesthesia, without incisions.
  • Sclerotherapy treatment. A drug is injected into the vein, which sticks the vein.
  • Conservative treatmentincludes bandages, the use of compression stockings, the use of medications, a set of physical exercises.

With a hereditary predisposition to the disease, it is necessary to undergo annual consultations with an ultrasound with a good phlebologist of European level. Modern treatment of varicose veins will be based on the age of the patient, the severity of the pathology, comorbidities, and other important factors.

Varicose veins: what is it? Treatment at home

How are varicose veins treated? Many of us ask ourselves this question, but you can perform simple procedures at home and avoid aggravated forms of the disease.

But is it realistic to achieve great success at home? Treatment with folk remedies includes ingesting various infusions and decoctions, rubbing the skin with self-made ointments, applying compresses soaked in juices of healing plants. The most widely used tincture of horse chestnut, nutmeg, garlic and honey mixture, hazelnut tincture, decoction of hop cones, apple cider vinegar. How to recover completely without resorting to the services of doctors? This question is of interest to many. Unfortunately, the "green pharmacy" does not have the same potential as a physician's experience with the latest advances in phlebology. Therefore, it is better not to place unnecessary hope on home remedies. As a precautionary measure, yes, please. But, unfortunately, they cannot seriously help. Otherwise, not so many medical techniques would have been invented in the fight against varicose veins.

varicose vein treatment at home

Varicose veins: what is it? Varicose vein prevention

  • Avoid stagnant blood, move more, wear loose clothing.
  • Don't go overboard with fever treatments.
  • Check your weight.
  • Wear comfortable shoes.

Now you know what insidious varicose veins are, how to treat this disease and that for its prevention you should be examined by a good phlebologist, follow a correct lifestyle and monitor your health in general. These simple tips are relevant to residents of any corner of our country.

Surprisingly, the simplest measures can prevent this disease. Treatment (the cost of which may increase in advanced cases) will be short-term if the feet have been cared for. Doubt? Take a look at others - many have varicose veins, photos do not even need to be searched on the Internet. Most of the patients suffering from varicose veins severely, in the initial manifestations, did not pay attention to the unpleasant symptoms, thinking, "maybe it will go away on its own". Unfortunately, it will not.

The bottom line suggests itself: don't ignore yourself, your body, and the phlebologist's office if the first varicose veins appear on your legs.

I've seen a lot in my "varicose" experience and I know how to get on your feet quickly. In the literal sense of the word. So, look at your feet right now and, if you notice anything suspicious, sign up for a consultation at the phlebology center. Cheers and good luck!